September 24, 2021 at 10:20 AM
The global shipping industry is one of the most direct sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to the world’s oceans. These emissions increase levels of anthropogenic carbon dioxide in the oceans. This, in turn, leads to ocean acidification.
A greenhouse gas (GHG or GhG) is a gas that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range, causing the greenhouse effect and the maritime industry is one of the most direct sources of greenhouse gas emissions globally.
The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has created a worldwide framework to promote maritime energy efficiency, which includes ship energy efficiency. However, the majority of ships are registered in underdeveloped nations, which may lack the capacity to execute IMO regulations. As a crucial approach in combating climate change, the international community must assist these countries in developing ability to enhance the energy efficiency of their ships.
The year 2020 saw some significant efforts taken toward allowing marine sustainability, largely guided by more strict rules. These regulations required vessel owners and operators to continually monitor greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) drafted new mandatory measures as part of the regulatory framework, requiring vessels to reduce carbon intensity through technical and operational approaches, as well as providing requirements to measure and assess the energy efficiency of all vessels and set the necessary attainment values.
Green shipping refers to the use of resources and energy to carry people and products by ship, with a focus on reducing such resources and energy to protect the global environment from GHGs and environmental pollutants produced by ships. From an operational standpoint, green shipping must adhere to the IMO's environmental-related operating criteria. The ultimate goal is to regulate and monitor all hazardous chemicals generated by ships (marine pollutants and air pollutants).
Eco-friendly ships are critical instruments in the shipping and operational sectors for green shipping. A green ship, also known as an eco-ship, is one that has decreased GHG emissions by developing technology for fuel savings and alternative fuels.
Currently, eco-friendly ships are green vessels that comply with the IMO Conventions, which entered into effect in line with IMO rules. Despite the fact that commercialization is still limited, the introduction of eco-friendly vessels is required to meet the environmental regulations of international ports and ports in developed countries, as well as to handle the replacement of bunker oil, which is fraught with uncertainty and accounts for the majority of operating costs in the shipping industry.
In Ghana, the Meridian Port Terminal (MPS) in Tema has been designated a Green Terminal as part of the Greening Ghana project. MPS has cut carbon emissions by 36% in three years, making it one of the most energy-efficient companies.
This also implies that MPS received the best score (86.58%) in all chapters of the Green Terminal evaluation, reflecting the Terminal's management and shareholders' dedication to the environment in terms of decreasing CO2 emissions, among other things.
Valerie Aku Nyanyo